Guinea Pigs, hedgehogs, and sugar gluiders
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Guinea Pigs, hedgehogs, and sugar gluiders

This article was written to enlighten readers about a few house hold pets they may know and some they may be a little unfamiliar with.

The guinea pig is also referred to as a cavy, a species of rodent that belong to the Caviidae family and in the Cavia genus.The guinea pig was first domesticated as early as 5000BC for food by early tribes of the Andean region of South America, also were used in traditional medical rituals by shawman to diagnose diseases . Guinea pigs are a current rapidly growing favorite among many homes in western societies. They were first introduced to North America  by European trades in the mid 16th century were they were bought  for pets and medical experiments. they were large replaced in most medical experiments by other smaller rodents but are still used as  models for human medical conditions such as tuberculosis and pregnancy complications. 

.The hedge hog on average grows to be six to fifteen inches long and can be covered in up to five thousand spines each two to three centimeters long. There are fourteen species all native to Asia, Africa, and Europe;they can be found in habitats such as woods, gardens, desserts, tropical rain forest and even cultivated land. Hedgehogs are widely insectivores eating a wide range of insects such as earthworms and caterpillars; although some species will even eat bird eggs and mice. Hedgehogs in Europe appear to be immune to toxins due to there consumption of bees and venomous snakes although they can not take a direct bite from snake. In captivity they live on average ten years, give birth to a litter of four to six , and have a gestation period of thirty days. 

The sugar glider can be found wild in Australia, Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and on the islands Tasmania; where they can be found in any forest. They are nocturnal animals that feed on insects, small vertebrates, and the caps of certain eucalyptus, acacia, and gum trees.The male sugar glider usually tends to be longer, ranging on average to be twenty-seven centimeters long.There most striking feature would have to be the membrane that extends from the fifth finger to its first toe.Unlike many native Australian animals though, the sugar glider is not endangered; it is highly adaptable and is capable of living in surprisingly small bush remnants. Around the entire world, the sugar glider is becoming a more popular domestic pet, due to this it is also a part of the ever growing illegal animal trade.

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